A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development of Urban Quarters in Jiangsu Province

江苏省的煤炭在能源消费总量中所占的比重较大在76%~82 % 之间波动,石油比重在18 %~24 % 之间波动,二氧化碳排放较少的天然气所占比重较少,零碳排放的水电所占比重更少,江苏的能源结构消费呈高碳型特征。江苏省要建设低碳城市,就必须对目前以煤为主的能源结构、现在的发展模式进行改革,大力发展低碳经济,依靠低碳技术和创新低碳产品,逐步减少高碳存量。因此应从能源利用产业化入手,改变传统的燃煤为核心的产业链,积极制定新能源产业专项发展规划,建设新能源产业基地。加速发展太阳能、天然气、风能、地热能、水能和生物质能等清洁能源,减少煤炭在能源消费结构中的比重,逐步减少传统工业对化石能源的过度依赖,提高现有能源体系的整体效率。

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Supporting the Low Carbon Development of Jiangsu Province Phase III

Project country
China
Political Partners
German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU); Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the People's Republic of China (MEE)
Implementation Partners
Department of Ecology and Environment of Jiangsu Province (after China Government Restructure in Jiangsu Province); Jiangsu Development & Reform Commission (before China Government Restructure in Jiangsu Province)
Duration
02/2015 - 12/2018(the project was extended from September 2018 to December 2018 without increasing project fund. Jiangsu III was planned to start from Jan. 2019, however due to delay of Sino-German Climate Change Working Group meeting, the project is still waiting for the approval)

China’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) at a peaking of CO2 emissions until 2030, reducing the emission intensity of its economy (CO2 emissions per unit of GDP) by 60% to 65% compared to 2005-levels and increasing the share of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption to around 20% in the same time frame.

On its path towards these goals, China needs ambitious provinces like Jiangsu which is a role model in driving low carbon development forward by aspiring to reach its carbon peak 5-10 years earlier. Furthermore, within the framework of the 13th Five-Year-Plan (FYP, 2016-2020) Jiangsu targets a reduction of carbon intensity 5-8% higher than the average national target. Further goals for reducing energy intensity (national target 15%, Jiangsu 18%) and carbon intensity (national target 18%, Jiangsu 19%) show Jiangsu’s ambitions.

Jiangsu province is highly industrialized and one of the most developed provinces in China; its population is comparable to Germany’s and its economic power comparable to the one of Switzerland.

The project supports its Chinese partners in enabling the transformation towards a low carbon economy, which is in line with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and advances reaching the goals of the 13th / 14th FYP (2016-2020 / 2021-2025) of Jiangsu province as well as the early peaking of its CO2 emissions. At the local level, activities built on lessons learned during the previous project phases I and II. Supported by the provincial government, a sustainable network that persists beyond the duration of the project, will be established. It facilitates a long-term exchange between German and Chinese actors from industry, academia and politics as well as the discourse on coal phase-out. The project and the network will achieve sustainable capacity development through the introduction of methodological knowledge on how to build and manage knowledge networks and how to ensure financing. Furthermore, the necessary technical expertise required by stakeholders of the network will be provided. Results, best practices and proven impacts will contribute to the national and international dialogue on climate change.

In order to stabilize results of three project phases and to ensure the sustainability of knowledge transfer and capacity building regarding low carbon development, a permanent network structure will be created in the final phase of the project. The project will build capacity to enable network stakeholders to sustainably manage and finance the network. In addition, train-the-trainer programs are being established in the areas of climate protection and low carbon development, which are offered and implemented by the network stakeholders after the end of the project.

In the long-term, strengthened individual and institutional capacities will contribute to integrated planning of climate protection measures at local and provincial levels. By developing and establishing a sustainable structure to safeguard knowledge and capacity regarding low carbon development, the measures implemented as well as the project inputs will have an enduring impact and will support Jiangsu's climate strategies, and serve to achieve China’s NDC as well as the 2030 Agenda.