climate

Energy Concepts for the Pilot Cities Dunhuang, Xintai and Jiaxing-Xuizhou – Summary of Important Results

This summary of three city energy concepts concisely presents the findings of a combined Sino-German effort to transfer best practices from Germany to China. The concepts map pathways for each of the three cities on how to use as much clean energy as possible by 2030; which technologies are viable and which measures can accelerate the transition. This summary is available in German, English and Chinese.

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Guidelines for Sustainable Industrial Areas (SIA)

下述可持续工业园区发展“SIA指南”建议重点针对工业园区或园区的管理层。该指南旨在从整体上指导工业园区增强其可持续性,较少涉及园区内个体企业层面。工业园区内企业的可持续发展表现应由相应行业或企业相关规则指引,但园区层面的可持续发展框架却很可能促成并推动企业层面产生积极的改变。

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An Introduction to China’s Power Industry Participating in ETS

With the profound adjustment of the world energy landscape and the continuously intensified environment and resource constraints, the power industry in China is facing new challenges, including carbon emission control and the marketization of institutional mechanisms. As the situation of climate change is getting increasingly severe, air pollution control in China has been significantly strengthened, and the ecological and environmental restraints have been further tightened.

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An Overview of the Enhanced Transparency Framework under Paris Agreement and its Modalities, Procedures and Guidelines

This document is compiled to serve the purposes of the Sino-German Climate Partnership project in way of drawing a clear overview of the enhanced transparency framework under Paris Agreement and the specification of modalities, procedures and guidelines (MPGs) for this framework.

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A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development of Urban Quarters in Jiangsu Province

江苏省的煤炭在能源消费总量中所占的比重较大在76%~82 % 之间波动,石油比重在18 %~24 % 之间波动,二氧化碳排放较少的天然气所占比重较少,零碳排放的水电所占比重更少,江苏的能源结构消费呈高碳型特征。江苏省要建设低碳城市,就必须对目前以煤为主的能源结构、现在的发展模式进行改革,大力发展低碳经济,依靠低碳技术和创新低碳产品,逐步减少高碳存量。因此应从能源利用产业化入手,改变传统的燃煤为核心的产业链,积极制定新能源产业专项发展规划,建设新能源产业基地。加速发展太阳能、天然气、风能、地热能、水能和生物质能等清洁能源,减少煤炭在能源消费结构中的比重,逐步减少传统工业对化石能源的过度依赖,提高现有能源体系的整体效率。

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A Clean Planet for all: A European long-term strategic vision for a prosperous, modern, competitive and climate neutral economy

The European Commission has set out its strategic long-term vision for a prosperous, modern, competitive and climate neutral economy by 2050. Published on November 28th, the strategy shows how Europe can lead the way to climate neutrality by investing into realistic technological solutions, empowering citizens, and aligning action in key areas such as industrial policy, finance, or research – while ensuring social fairness for a just transition.

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GIZ-ICAP International Advanced ETS Training Course

The objective of this advanced training program was to provide trainees with a better understanding of various aspects of designing Emissions Trading Systems (ETS), and to discuss its practical implementation. The course was moderated by experienced experts and trainers such as policymakers, representatives from international organisations and professionals from research institutions, academia, private sector and consulting agencies from China and abroad. Moreover, the training provided great opportunities to facilitate exchange, discussions and professional networking for both, trainers and trainees.

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Module of Integrated Energy System in Urban Quarters

全球气候变暖以及将由此引发的一系列严重的环境、经济和社会后果已引起全世界的高度关注,世界各国认识到必须采取一致行动控制温室气体排放,将目前的温度上升幅度控制在2°C 以内(政府间气候变化专门委员会2015)。2009 年哥本哈根联合国气候变化大会确立了该政治目标,2015 年12 月在巴黎联合国气候变化大会上又将该目标纳入协定。

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THE 2018 CHINA CARBON PRICING SURVEY ROUNDTABLE ON MRV IN THE CEMENT AND ALUMINIUM SECTORS SUMMARY OF DISCUSSION

On April 20th, 2018, China Carbon Forum (CCF) together with ICF, convened a roundtable of the ETS Industry Expert Panel in Beijing, which will help to inform the development of China’s national ETS. The panel was established to support the 2017 China Carbon Pricing Survey project, and continues to inform the 2018 China Carbon Pricing Survey, which is sponsored by the Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany and the Royal Norwegian Embassy, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and Energy Foundation China, and is jointly implemented by CCF and ICF, together with support from Tsinghua University China Carbon Market Center, Sinocarbon, and the Norwegian Environment Agency.

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Tianjin ETS

Only Chinese project-based carbon offsets (CCERs) from CO2 reduction projects generated after January 1, 2013 are eligible. Companies can use them to offset up to 10 % of their emissions. CCERs from hydropower projects are not eligible.

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Shenzhen ETS

Only Chinese project-based carbon offsets (CCERs) are allowed to offset up to 10% of emissions. Credits from hydro projects are not allowed and there are further geographic restrictions.

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Shanghai ETS

Only Chinese project-based carbon offsets (CCERs) from before 2013 are allowed to offset up to 1% of emissions. Credits from hydro projects are not allowed.

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Hubei ETS

Only Chinese project-based carbon offsets (CCERs) from 2015 can be used for the offset of up to 10% of emissions. They have to be generated from rural biogas and forestry projects located in poor areas of Hubei.

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Guangdong ETS

Only Chinese-project based China Certified Emission Reduction offsets (CCER) from certain project types are eligible to offset up to 10% of emissions. At least 50% of the surrendered CCERs must come from CO2 or CH4 reduction projects and at least 70% from projects in the Guangdong province.

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Fujian ETS

Only China Certified Emission Reduction (CCER) and Fujian Forestry Certified Emission Reduction (FFCER) offsets generated in Fuijan province are allowed with a limit of 5% of the annual compliance obligation. This limit can be raised up to 10% if both FFCER and CCER credits are used.

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Chongqing ETS

Only China Certified Emission Reduction (CCER) credits are permitted with a limit 8% of annual allowances. Reductions have to be achieved after 2010 with the exception of carbon sink projects. Credits from hydro projects are not allowed.

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Beijing ETS

Only China Certified Emission Reduction (CCER) credits are eligible, with a limit if 5% of annual allowances. At least 50% must come from projects within the city of Beijing. Some sources of credits are not permitted and reductions have to be achieved after after January 1st of 2013 or after February 16th of 2005 for forestry carbon sequestration projects. Verified carbon emission reductions from energy saving projects are also allowed.

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Module of Integrated Energy System in Industrial Parks

能源一体化系统是指综合考虑能源的供给、传输与存储、终端消费和回收等四个环节,在各个环节采用互相关联的技术和管理措施,使得整个能源系统从整体上达到系统最优化。

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Low Carbon Development Experiences and Potential Technologies for Industrial Enterprises

本课题是GIZ 为支持江苏省实现2030 年温室气体减排目标,在工业领域提供可行的低碳技术进行的相关调研和总结。所涉及的技术参考国家重点节能技术推广目录(1-7)期和江苏省低碳方面的相关研究,通过对目标企业实施的低碳节能技术进行实践调研,在此基础上进行整理总结的报告。

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Carbon Control and Competitiveness Post 2020: The Cement Report FINAL

This report is an output from the Energy Intensive Industries project funded by Ministries in Germany, Netherlands, France, UK and by Tata Steel and Heidelberg Cement. The views expressed and information contained in it are not necessarily those of or endorsed by the funders which can accept no responsibility or liability for such views, completeness or accuracy of the information or for any reliance placed on them.

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Emissions Trading

Addressing climate change has become a key challenge for policymakers around the world in the 21st century. Both scientific and economic evidence provide grounds for taking decisive action as soon as possible1 in order to stabilise “greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system” (Art. 2, UNFCCC). While climate change is unequivocal, in order to be able to adapt to the adverse effects of a changing climate, consensus has emerged that the average global temperature increase should be limited to below 2° Celsius, compared to pre-industrial levels.

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Research on Shenzhen Public Transportation Sector’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions Quantification and Reporting Methodologies

In recent years, climate protection and low carbon economic transformation have become the core working objectives of the Chinese government. The Chinese government has targeted to reduce CO2 emissions from per unit GDP in 2020 by 40-45% compared with 2005, and has selected 7 pilots for carbon emissions trading. As one of the pilots, Shenzhen first officially launched its Carbon Emissions Trading Scheme in June 2013.

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A Case Study of Research on Shenzhen Public Transportation Sector’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions Quantification and Reporting Methodologies

The findings and conclusions expressed in this document are entirely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the GIZ or the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety of the Federal Republic of Germany. The information provided is without warranty of any kind.

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Research on the Prospect of the Building Sector in the Offsetting Mechanism for China’s Carbon Market

This report contains two parts - Chapters One through Three, which provide a systematic review of the offsetting mechanism in the Chinese carbon market and the second part, Chapters Four to Seven, which focus on analysing the prospects for the building sector in the offsetting mechanism for the Chinese carbon market.

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Installations versus Companies. Making the right choice in the design of an Emissions Trading Scheme

The design of an emissions trading scheme (ETS) is a complex task which needs to reflect fundamental economic aspects and practicalities as well as regulatory and legal traditions, structural aspects of the regulated sectors and, last but not least, a wide range of political considerations.

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Policy mix in the transport sector

As part of its climate policy the European Union has set the target of reducing the GHG emissions of the transport sector by 60% by 2050 compared to 1990. Key policy instruments on EU level for this sector are the CO2 emission standards (EU 2009b and EU 2011) and the Fuel Quality Directive (EU 2009a), which cover the direct emissions in road transport and the CO2 intensity of the energy supply for the transport sector.

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THE ANNUAL REPORT ON FIRST-YEAR OPERATION OF SHENZHEN ETS

The findings and conclusions expressed in this document are entirely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the GIZ or the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety of the Federal Republic of Germany. The information provided is without warranty of any kind.

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