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2020年 06月 11日

Energy-efficient buildings in China: Standards and financing mechanisms

Regulatory policy From the first Chinese Design Standards for Civil Buildings in 1986 to the recently released National Standard of Green Buildings Assessment, policy on energy efficiency and carbon emissions of buildings, including the retrofitting of old ones and the construction of new ones, has undergone significant changes in China during the past decades. In […]

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2020年 06月 11日

The effects of COVID-19 on China’s coal sector

Alvin Lin – Climate and Energy Policy Director, China Program, NRDC What effects is the current COVID-19 situation having on the coal sector in China? Alvin Lin: Let me take a step back. In the first quarter of this year, we saw a 6.8% drop in GDP in China, and electricity consumption also fell by […]

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2020年 06月 10日

The impact of COVID-19 on emissions in China

Every year, the Chinese New Year holiday has a significant short-term impact on energy demand, industrial output and emissions in China, as most shops and industries wind down and the country comes to a temporary standstill. This year, however, this standstill was prolonged by the outbreak of COVID-19, with a virtually unprecedented impact on economic […]

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国家发展改革委、生态环境部关于进一步加强塑料污染治理的意见

Featured Photo © Hans Braxmeier on Pixabay 2020年1月,国家发展和改革委员会(National Development and Reform Commission, NDRC)及生态环境部(Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the People’s Republic of China, MEE)联合发布《关于进一步加强塑料污染治理的意见》(以下简称《意见》)。《意见》明确了治理塑料垃圾污染的基本原则及指导思想,要求加强塑料废弃物的回收和清运,推动废弃物资源化能源化利用。此外,《意见》推广使用环保包装及可降解塑料,并建立健全法规制度和标准,完善塑料污染治理的支撑保障体系。 查看详情

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气候
2020年 06月 9日

国家能源局将放宽对各省新建燃煤电厂的许可限制

燃煤电厂(版权: Shutterstock/Kodda) 导言:2月份中国能源主管部门国家能源局发布年度煤电规划建设风险预警通知,示意加大对新建燃煤电厂的许可。 2020年2月26日,中国国家能源局发布了 “2023年煤电规划建设风险预警的通知” ,煤炭预警体系具有重要意义,基于该预测结果将决定各省是否可以建造新的燃煤电厂。 煤电规划预警体系的引入是为了应对煤电过度审批,避免产能过剩所采取的手段。此前,中国政府将新建电厂的审批权下放到各省,导致了大量新建电厂通过审批开始建造,而超过了实际的需求量,最终导致了国家能源局在2016和2017年停止了所有燃煤电厂项目。随后,为了给各省份提供更好的指导,中国引入了煤电规划建设风险预警体系,针对不同指标进行了分级。该体系每年公布一次,评估期为三年。当一个省份被判定为“红色”等级时,那么当年则不允许该省建造新的发电厂;而在评定为“黄色”级别时,只有在一定条件下才能给予许可。 煤电规划建设风险预警的指标体系分为煤电装机充裕度预警指标、资源约束指标、煤电建设经济性预警指标。其中,煤电装机充裕度预警指标与资源约束指标为约束性指标,煤电建设经济性预警指标是建议性指标。在该体系初引进时几乎所有省份都被评定为“红色”,现在已经有越来越多的省份已可以批准建造新的发电厂,而随着今年风险预警通知的发布,到2023年,共有19个省份将全部或部分评定为“绿色”。 这一煤电规划的通知发布之时正值中国经济受到新型冠状病毒疫情的严重影响,这让外界猜测,放宽限制的目的是通过支持大规模的投资和建设来提振经济,而燃煤电厂正是一个很好的选择。另一促成这一变化的原因可能是由于能源需求的提高:到2023年,中国的能源需求将会从现在的7.000太瓦时增长到12.000太瓦时。为覆盖这一增长的需求,中国电力企业联合会及电力规划设计总院建议将下一个五年计划中的煤电装机容量限制从目前计划中的1.100吉瓦提高至1.300吉瓦或1.200吉瓦。但是也有专家指出,鉴于各省之间电力交换的潜力不断加强以及可再生能源和核能的增长,高峰时段的电力需求可能比预期的要少。 尽管目前国内与国际上对于能源过剩这一问题一直有所争论,但国家能源局依然给出了这一信号。一些观察人士对产能过剩可能带来的经济风险表示了担忧。目前中国超过半数的煤炭企业是不盈利的,且平均利用小时数低于50%。此外,由于煤炭电厂投资项目的寿命期较长,也有人对其资产搁浅的风险表示担忧。 虽然装机容量的增加会导致温室气体排放量的增加,但排放量的增加一定与新增装机容量成正比。例如,2019年国内装机容量提高了4%,而煤炭消费提高了1%,因此装机容量的提高导致平均利用率进一步降低(加剧运营商所面临的经济问题)。而另一个方面,新建的电厂也会取代单位发电量排放量较高的老旧、低效电厂,因此排放量的增加与新增装机容量并不一定成正比。 2019年中国一次能源消费中,煤炭装机容量为1000吉瓦,占一次能源消费的58%,尽管2019年可再生能源(包括水电)装机容量快速增长,已占中国一次能源消费的13%,但煤炭仍在中国能源体系中占据主导地位。

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New publications by the project team

China IWM NSP published a number of new brochures in the realm of integrated waste management. These were prepared by the project team and cover a broad range of issues from policies on waste management to monitoring indicators for IWM and the specifics of biological waste treatment. The brochures are expected to contribute to the […]

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气候
2020年 05月 29日

MEE publishes Notice on Emissions Data Collection for 2019

On 27 December 2019, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE) published the Notice on Emissions Data Collection for 2019. As in past years, this refers to companies that emit more than 26,000 t CO2 per year and that are part of the eight sectors that are to be included in the national emissions trading […]

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2020年 05月 29日

Zhao Yingmin has replaced Xie Zhenhua as head of the Chinese UNFCCC delegation

Zhao Yingmin, Copyright MEE. For more than ten years, Xie Zhenhua headed the Chinese delegation in international climate negotiations, making him China’s leading climate negotiator and one of the world’s longest-serving climate diplomats. Whilst vigorously defending China’s right to development in earlier negotiations, Xie Zhenhua later became one of the key architects of the Paris […]

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2020年 05月 29日

Beijing’s turn to introduce mandatory waste segregation

China’s capital follows the suit of another Chinese mega-city, Shanghai, and plans to unfold a full-scale mandatory municipal solid waste (MSW) segregation plan in May 2020. As expected, the measure will include fines of up to RMB 200 (approx. EUR 27) for individuals failing to distinguish between recyclable, organic, hazardous and other waste. In addition, […]

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2020年 05月 29日

New feed-in price system and closures for coal plants, grid operators now obliged to guarantee renewable energy purchases

Among several energy policies that have been announced during this reporting period, three are of particular relevance for the Chinese energy system. Firstly, the State Council has announced that China’s coal power prices will shift from fully government-regulated to partially market-based, although they will remain capped. Power generators, electricity retailers and large electricity users will […]

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2020年 05月 29日

Outline for Building China’s Strength in Transport

On 19 September 2019, the Outline for Building China’s Strength in Transport was released. The document was approved by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and the State Council and describes the future vision and roadmap of China’s transport sector with a clear message: China wants to become a global transport […]

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MEE planning national ETS training countrywide

On 25 September 2019, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE) issued a notice on national ETS training for the trial calculation of allocating power sector allowances and administrative management. Eight sessions comprising 17 training courses are to be held during the period from 22 October to 8 December for all provinces and regions in […]

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2020年 05月 27日

Fourth session of National Energy Committee declares energy supply security a ‘strategic task’

The National Energy Committee held its fourth session on 11 October 2019. Chaired by Prime Minister LI Keqiang, the announcements and decisions of this body carry great weight and communicate the political priorities for the following years. As such, these decisions will probably be reflected in the forthcoming 14th Five-Year Plan. The Committee asserted that […]

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2020年 05月 15日

10th Sino-German Working Group on Environment & Climate Change took place

On 7th of May 2020 the 10th Sino-German Working Group on Environment & Climate Change took place, for the first time in an virtual format. The political partners have agreed to enhance the cooperation on NDC implementation, Carbon Markets and the long standing Climate Partnership between the two countries. In the coming month the GIZ […]

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2020年 03月 27日

“Biodiversity and Climate Change are intrinsically connected” (Li Shuo)

Li Shuo, Climate and Energy Campaigner Greenpeace China The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Kunming COP15 in October 2020 is one of Li Shuo’s priorities for this year, who is a Senior Global Policy Advisor for Greenpeace East Asia. Implementation mechanisms are their main focus, in order to ensure that set targets can be reached. […]

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气候
2019年 12月 30日

A call for more action on integrated climate risk management at the National Low Carbon Day 2019

June 19, 2019 – Nanchang – The Ministry of Ecology and Environment and Jiangxi Provincial Government jointly organized the 7th National Low Carbon Day Major Event in Nanchang. The theme of this year’s Low Carbon Day is “Low-Carbon Action, Defending Blue Sky”. The National Low-carbon Day falls on the third day of the National Energy […]

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气候
2019年 12月 30日

CCICED-AGM 2019 – Raising climate ambition through international cooperation

June 2, 2019 – GIZ supported the opening day of the 2019 Annual General Meeting (AGM) of the China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development (CCICED), one of the most high-level events in China where key issues on climate governance, biodiversity and green urbanization are intensively discussed. Xie Zhenhua, former Vice-Chair of NDRC, […]

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2019年 12月 30日

GIZ workshop on financing climate actions in China

June 05, 2019 – Singapore – As part of the Innovate4Climate conference in Singapore, the GIZ China organized a workshop on “Triggering transformative change through financing climate action in China” to promote knowledge exchange which was well attended by many international experts at the conference. Workshop participants discussed topics on climate finance from opportunities and […]

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2019年 12月 30日

Study for Xintai’s energy transition and further studies

Based on the integrated energy concept for Xintai city, which was created in the previous phase of the Sino-German Climate Partnership (see IKI China Newsletter of April/May), the project is now conducting a study and action plan on the implementation of recommendations on heating made in the integrated energy concept in the rural areas of […]

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2019年 12月 30日

First training on low-carbon heating held in Shanxi province

From 20th to 22nd June 2019, the Sino-German Climate Partnership’s energy component conducted the first capacity building training on “Low carbon Renewable Energy Heating” in Changzhi city in Shanxi province. The training was carried out in cooperation with German experts from the Renewables Academy (RENAC), the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of the National Development and […]

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2019年 12月 30日

China tightens control over the disposal of lead-acid batteries

The Chinese government has published new guidelines and launched a pilot to strengthen control over the disposal of lead-acid batteries, that are labelled as hazardous waste, but often become a subject of illegal disposal. Experts in the field welcome the move, stating that the initiative will help to promote development of the battery recycling, while […]

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2019年 12月 30日

Xi’an, the demo-city of China IWM NAMA, is adopting policies to encourage waste sorting

The mayor of the city of Xi’an has issued a government order on MSW classification measures that will come into force on September 1, 2019. The order is supplemented by the municipal plan for MSW classification developed by the urban management commission. Read more in CN

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2019年 12月 30日

China continues to enhance its regulatory framework in waste management

In June, an amendment to the Law on Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution by Solid Waste was submitted to the legislators. When adopted, the measure will oblige local governments to develop and implement waste sorting to ensure more environmentally-friendly waste management. Read more in EN Shanghai’s new mandatory domestic waste-sorting regulations took into effect […]

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2019年 12月 30日

State Council of PRC promotes the transformation of old urban communities

On June 19, Li Keqiang, Premier of the State Council, presided over the State Council executive meeting to promote the transformation of old urban communities and discuss measures to meet the general publics’ expectations of their current standard of living. The meeting determined the following objectives: 1.The object range and standards of the transformation should […]

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2019年 12月 30日

Beijing plans to hold carbon neutral Winter Olympics

The organizing committee of the Beijing Winter Olympics in 2022 has issued a notice for reducing GHG emissions where possible and for offsetting unavoidable emissions to make the Olympics carbon neutral. The notice outlines the plan to build-low carbon venues, provide low-carbon transport, and invest in renewable energy projects to supply the Winter Olympics with […]

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2019年 12月 30日

Beijing’s annual Transport Action Plan emphasizes non-motorized transport and digital mobility

The Beijing Municipal Government released its Comprehensive Transport Action Plan 2019 in early April. This plan is a detailed annual implementation plan in the context of the Beijing Urban Master Plan 2016-2035. According to the Action Plan, Beijing will open three new subway lines, accelerate the construction of additional 14 new subway lines and optimize […]

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2019年 12月 30日

National Calculation Standard for Building Carbon Emission launched by MoHURD

The Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of the People’s Republic of China (MOHURD) published the National Calculation Standard for Building’s Carbon Emission (the Standard), which will come into force on December 1st, 2019. The standard aims to implement national policies on climate change, energy conservation, and emission reduction, standardize methods of calculating the building […]

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2019年 12月 30日

China publishes guidance for large-scale carbon neutral events

The MEE published the “Guidance for Carbon Neutral Large-Scale Events (Trial Version)”. It aims to encourage organizers of large-scale events such as conferences, forums and exhibitions to become carbon neutral by reducing avoidable emissions and investing in Chinese offsets to balance unavoidable emissions. The guidance recommends the use of four types of offset credits: 1) […]

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2019年 12月 30日

Chinese power sector improves energy efficiency

According to the latest annual report of the China Electricity Council (CEC), the average coal consumption of Chinese coal-fired power plants, with an installed capacity greater than 6 MW, had fallen to 307.6 g/kWh by the end of 2018. CO2 emissions from thermal power plants amounted to 841 gCO2/kWh last year. Compared to emission values […]

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2019年 12月 30日

Economic situation increasingly difficult for coal-fired power plants

The economic situation for coal-fired power plant operators is becoming increasingly challenging. Within the last six months, two 125 MW coal-fired power plants have filed for bankruptcy. While coal-fired power plant operators have already been facing worsening conditions for some time, the situation could now deteriorate more rapidly than previously expected. The reasons for this […]

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2019年 12月 30日

2019 wind and solar PV tendering mechanism finalised

On May 28th, the National Energy Agency published the official tendering policy for wind and solar PV. Tendering to determine subsidy amounts serves to ensure that subsidies are only as high as necessary to enable a specific project, thus increasing overall efficiency of the subsidy system and incentivizing technology cost decreases. Lower costs support the […]

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2019年 12月 27日

MEE Press Conference on August 30

August 30th – Bejing – Li Gao, Department Director of Climate Change, and Liu Youbin, Spokesperson of the Chinese Ministry of Ecology and the Environment’s (MEE), spoke at the monthly ministerial press conference. They praised how the creation of the MEE has streamlined the governance and monitoring of climate change policy down to local government […]

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2019年 06月 26日

第八期装配式建筑论坛

2019年4月19日-20日,由江苏省建筑产业现代化创新联盟指导,预制建筑网和南通三建联合主办,江苏省住建厅住宅产业促进中心、中国建筑学会、德国国际合作机构giz、德国建筑系统联邦协会和江苏省内各知名装配式建筑企业共同支持、协办的“装配式建筑论坛8期——第一届国际模块化集成房屋(建筑)技术及应用研讨会暨精品展会”在江苏南京成功举行。论坛当天,与会领导和专家们围绕“模块化集成房屋(建筑)技术及应用”这个专题展开了深入交流和讨论,与450多位中外嘉宾分享了宝贵的观点和经验。GIZ邀请的设能公司专家Hans Niemann 做了题为“C-House-可用于产能建筑的模块化功能组件”的专题报告。

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2019年 06月 25日

低碳行动有成效 江苏发布2017-2018年低碳发展报告

2019年6月19日是第7个“全国低碳日”,主题为“低碳行动 保卫蓝天”。当天上午,江苏省省政府召开《2017-2018年江苏省低碳发展报告》新闻发布会,该年度报告自2012年起发布,首次由德国国际合作机构江苏项目资助。

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Auction of 2 million CO2 allowances for companies with a carbon permit deficit in Tianjin

June 19, 2019 – The city of Tianjin will auction 2 million CO2 allowances on June 27. The auction will only be open to companies that finished 2018 with a deficit of carbon permits and companies cannot purchase more allowances than required to fulfill their 2018 compliance obligation. Despite the auction, there seems to be […]

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2019年 05月 31日

Publication on energy concepts and trainings on low-carbon heating

The Sino-German Climate Partnership’s energy component has finalized publications on integrated energy concepts, which were developed by Chinese and German experts for the cities of Dunhuang (Gansu Province), Xintai (Shandong Province) and Jiaxing-Xiuzhou (Zhejiang Province) in the previous project phase. The concepts identified and analyzed each city’s specific geographic characteristics and renewable energy potential and […]

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MEE rolls out process to create a list of power plants that will be included in the national ETS

May 27, 2019 – The Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE) issued a notice on the process of producing a list of power plants (incl. captive power plants) that will be included in the national ETS. The list is a major step towards the creation of a national emissions trading market. On the provincial level, […]

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2019年 01月 28日

Supporting the Low Carbon Development of Jiangsu Province Phase III

Initial Situation China’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) at a peaking of CO2 emissions until 2030, reducing the emission intensity of its economy (CO2 emissions per unit of GDP) by 60% to 65% compared to 2005-levels and increasing the share of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption to around 20% in the same time frame. On […]

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2018年 12月 17日

Series of Green and Low Carbon Development Trainings

Being part of a series of Green and Low Carbon Development Training Courses with the aim to spread the outreach of the Jiangsu project and elevate the concepts of integrated energy for the industry and building sector, a workshop in cooperation with Jiangsu DRC was held on 07th December 2018. Prior workshops were held in […]

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2018年 12月 10日

China publishes annual climate report – 2020 carbon intensity target achieved early

At a press conference on November 27th, Xie Zhenhua, China’s special representative on climate change, presented the results of the government’s annual report “China’s Policies and Actions for Addressing Climate Change (2018)”. At the end of 2017, China’s carbon emission per unit of GDP has decreased by about 46% compared to 2005. That means that […]

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2018年 11月 30日

Financial Support for Green Industry Development Workshop

Financial issues are believed to be one of the key factors determining the development of green industries including renewable energy. Since the Yancheng Government is developing its green industry, GIZ Jiangsu project together with Shanghai Environment and Energy Exchange Center organized a workshop on the topic of financial support for green industries. Experts from the […]

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2018年 11月 30日

Status and Prospect of Hydrogen Economy

Together with the United Nations Development Programme, Tsinghua University, Changzhou DRC and Nanjing University, GIZ held a workshop on the Status and Prospect of Hydrogen Economy in Changzhou located in Jiangsu Province. Green hydrogen production from (excessive) wind power is developing very fast in Germany and other countries. Being already in use in Yancheng, it […]

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Carbon market development at the 12th China New Energy International Forum

A panel discussion on carbon market development took place at the 12th China New Energy International Forum. The panel featured three members of the ENVI Committee of the European Parliament, Mr. Yvo Belet, Mr. Bas Eickhout and Mr. Seb Dance, as well as Ms. Deanna Easton, Australian Embassy, Mr. Dai Yande from Low Carbon Alliance, […]

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2018年 10月 31日

MEE – DCC Official response to IPCC 1.5 degrees report: more action is needed

Li Gao, the head of China’s climate change department (DCC) under the Ministry of Environment and Ecology (MEE), issued the first official response to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)’s 1.5 degrees special report at a press conference. According to MEE’s Weibo account, Li Gao said that the report findings demonstrate the urgency of […]

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2018年 10月 12日

Beijing Climate Talk on NDC implementation structure and donors’ engagement

On 12th October 2018, the Beijing Climate Talk took place at the Beijing Kerry Center. The event was co-organized by GIZ China, ClimateWorks Foundation, and Energy Foundation. Over 20 climate leaders from research institutes, NGOs, embassies, and governmental agencies participated in this meeting. They shared valuable experiences and exchanged ideas on their understanding of the […]

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