China is the world's biggest wood trading & processing country. Since decades, China has been investing heavily in the setup of forest plantations. No country is planting more forest than China. However, based on historical develpments the average standing stock in Chinese forests remains low at an average of about 90 m3/ha (German forest 350 m3/ha); Yet rehabilitation of forest requires silviculture knowledge. To enable knowledge-transfer to increase Chinese forestry expertise and to improve forestry in China (both in enlarging the forested areas and increasing standing stocks), the National Forestry & Grassland Administration (NFGA, the former State Forestry Administration/SFA) is collaborating since 1982 rather intensely with Germany, that is practing sustainable forestry since a good 300 years. During the past three decades, BMZ funded 60 M EUR (15 forest-related projects) and KfW provided 53 loans for afforestation and forestry related projects with a total loan amount of EUR 391 M. This resulted in positive inputs from Germany to Chinese forestry. To intensify the existening cooperation between China and Germany in agricultural incl. forestry, German Chancollar Angela Merkel and Chinese Premier Li Keqiang initiated in 2014 (in the 'Joint Decleration') the German-Chinese Agricultural Center (DCZ), of which forest cooperation a part of the center. In 2015, BMEL and MARA (the former MoF) jointly established the DCZ. In 2016, BMEL and NFGA launched the pilot phase of Forest Policy Facility (FPF) project. In November 2018, FPF started its I. phase (11. 2018 to 10. 2021) of a bilateral cooperation. Objective of the project is: the Sino-German forestry cooperation facilitates sustainable and multifunctional forest management in China. Through by demonstration of best pratices in pilot site(s), capacity building, joint studies, workshop & training and policy recommendations the project approaches the project objective.
Bao Yuan joined GIZ in 2008 as Technical Advisor at the Sino-German Forest Cooperation 'Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) in China' project (BMZ; 2008-2011); and 'Low Carbon Land Use (LoCLU)' Project (BMUB; 2012-2016). 2016-2018, he worked at 'Forest Policy Facility (FPF)'-Pilot phase; since Nov. 2018, he continued working in the FPF - I. bilaterale phase, and providing technical advise on forestry and wood/timber sector in China.