climate

IKI Update Issue 7

IKI Update Issue 7 - April-July

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IKI Update Issue 8

IKI Update Issue 8 - August-October

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Darstellung des deutschen Energiestatistiksystems

When people think about the energy transition, few would think about energy statistical systems. However, in their relevance they are far from being niche topics. After all, appraising the status quo or progress on targets, making forecasts, planning a low-carbon energy system and designing policies all rely on a broad and reliable basis of data on the energy system. Hence, a sophisticated energy statistics system is a crucial enabler of the energy transition. In order to promote the exchange of energy statistics between China and Germany, the Sino-German Climate Partnership commissioned Dr. Hans-Joachim Ziesing, former head of the German “Working Group on Energy Balances” and a renowned German expert on energy statistics, to summarize the German energy statistics system. The focus of the report and the workshop was on introducing the German energy statistics system in a comprehensive way, including the process of compiling and harmonizing data, methodological questions, involved actors, and the sequence of steps from collecting data up to the publication of the official statistics. The paper also described how the “Working Group on Energy Balances” functions, which is a central actor in coordinating other actors and compiling the official statistics. The report is only available in Chinese and German

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Guidelines on Starting Waste Segregation in the Office Area

Echoing the trend of compulsory waste segregation in Beijing, IWM NSP Project piloted waste segregation at the GIZ Beijing Office for four weeks (June 1 to June 28), collecting and weighing all the waste generated in the office, recording and analyzing all the statistics during the period. Based on existing experiences and collected data, the Guideline will offer an insight on how to start and scale-up waste segregation in the office area.

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Research Report on the Effect of Total Energy Consumption Control on Transformation and Upgrading and Related Measures

The Jiangsu Engineering Consulting Center has concluded a thematic study on the “Effect of Total Energy Consumption Control on Transformation and Upgrading and Related Measures”. Thus far, the consultant has worked out four reports which are currently only available in Chinese: “Effect of total energy consumption control on economic and social transformation and upgrading”; “Retrospective analysis and forecast of energy consumption in Jiangsu Province”; “Research on the primary task of Jiangsu Province in total energy consumption control”; “Research on the policy system of Jiangsu Province in total energy consumption control”. Furthermore, key measures for total energy consumption control, such as policy and economic requirements, have been introduced throughout the thematic study. According to the study speeding up the transformation of the economic development model has become the main task in the next ten years. In Chinese Only

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Sustainable Structural Change and Urban Energy Transitions

Changing economics of fossil fuels and the energy transition away from coal poses a challenge for coal mining regions. The Ruhr Area in Germany already has undergone this transition and holds valuable lessons both for structural transition and for municipal energy transition that are of relevance to Chinese coal or industrial regions that are facing similar changes. The Sino-German Climate Partnership has gathered these lessons learnt in a publication that also contains three cities as case studies – Bottrop, Essen and Dortmund.

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New Energy Buses in China – Overview on Policies and Impacts

Authors: China Automotive Technology and Reseach Center Co.,Ltd CATARC (Li Lumiao, Yao Zhanhui) The report was commissioned by the BMU-IKI project Sino-German Cooperation on Low Carbon Transport CLCT. The report summaries key policies for electric bus promotion in China, their respective impacts and the measures needed to further promote the uptake and sustainable adoption of electric busses as key elements in promoting climate-friendly urban transport in China.

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Training material on waste segregation

Based on a request by the demonstration cities, a training material entitled “About waste segregation: what we can say” was developed and published on the website of China IWM NSP and its WeChat account. The training material focuses on the key concepts and principles in municipal solid waste management (MSWM). As the post on WeChat was shared by two popular accounts devoted to the topics of MSWM and circular economy, the training material has been accessed more than 3000 times as of mid-June! Authors: Dr. LIU Xiao, Ms. HOU Jingyue, Ms. LIANG Chenyang

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Feasibility Research and Implementation Plan of Establishing a Climate Protection Manager System in Jiangsu Province

Climate protection management (CPM) can serve as a building block for effective climate protection. Drawing on experiences in Germany, municipalities engaged in climate action stress that the national government must set the right frame with strong legislation, especially regarding farming, mobility and power and heat production, and also serve as a role model through its own actions. This report strongly recommends designing the Jiangsu CPM roadmap according to the time-efficient Luxembourgian Pacte Climat.

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Hydrogen Development Strategy Plan for Changzhou Binjiang Economic Development Zone

On the basis of his findings in China, Mr. Volker Lindner, the Chairman of German h2-netzwerk-ruhr e.V. developed a hydrogen industry development strategy plan for Binjiang Economy Development Zone in Changzhou city. The plan focuses on the potential for hydrogen utilization in transportation, buildings, integrated energy systems and emergency power generations, as well as its industrial application.

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Study on Green Development of High Energy-consuming Industries in Jiangsu Province

Jiangsu Province is one of the major provincial contributors both to China’s GDP and its major energy consumption. Traditional high energy-consuming industries including steel and iron are responsible for the majority of Jiangsu's total energy consumption, whilst the energy consumption of emerging industry sectors such as data centers is also growing quickly. In order to examine the energy efficiency status of major industries in Jiangsu Province, and to formulate a reference basis for energy-saving reviews in line with industry development, the Nanjing Engineering Consulting Center completed a thematic study on the energy efficiency of Jiangsu's high energy-consuming industries with the support of GIZ Jiangsu Project. The study covers the following aspects: Research on Green Development of High Energy-consuming Industries in Jiangsu Province, Research on Energy Efficiency of Enterprises in High Energy-consuming Industries in Jiangsu Province, Research on Green Development of Data Centers in Jiangsu Province, and a Summary of the Research on Green Development of High Energy-consuming Industries.

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COVID-19 and Sustainable Mobility – Early Observations and Documentation

When the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic became an international challenge at the beginning of March 2020, we realized very quickly that the impact on the transport sector would be enormous. Not only is the transport sector one of the transmission vectors, but the demand for transport will decrease amid the social and economic constraints imposed during the pandemic, and transport services have to be adapted to the conditions of the public health emergency. The result of our early observations and analysis is an initial summary – it traces and documents recent developments and provides initial orientation. It documents the period early of March to early May 2020, i.e. the phase in which the COVID-19 crisis took on a global character. The paper concentrates on urban mobility, looks at the COVID-19 crisis itself, measures taken by cities and the respective potential effects. It does not claim to be exhaustive or balanced, but focuses closely on sustainable mobility solutions, such as public transport, cycling and walking, shared mobility and public space development. In doing so, we document observations, facts and initial assessments.

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China’s Waste Sector Response to COVID-19

As China was hit by the COVID-19 epidemic, its waste sector was in the middle of a transformation process from collection-disposal mode towards mandatory waste segregation at the source and diversified integrated municipal solid waste management. This publication features three cases exemplifying the response of China’s waste sector to the COVID-19 outbreak.

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Developing Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans (SECAPs)

Municipalities are a central field of action for combating climate change and the transition to an ecologically sound, low-carbon energy system. In China and worldwide, most people live in cities and they are the level on which most climate and energy measures ultimately are implemented. What is particularly challenging to administrations and policymakers is that climate action is a cross-cutting task that affects all policy areas. Therefore, this kind of transformation requires an overarching plan. Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans (SECAP) represent such a plan and form a cornerstone of municipal climate action and energy transition in Germany and Europe.

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Background and translation of German Municipal Directive

Since 2008, the Federal Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) has started to promote climate protection on city level through the Municipal Directive. This is the most important national climate protection project in Germany. From 2008 to the end of 2018, about 14,400 projects in more than 3450 towns received a total of about 600 million euros in funding. These public funds drove an additional investment of about one billion euros.

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Germany’s Waste Management Policy Development

By looking into Germany’s current policy and legislation as well as the history of its development, this report aims to provide impetus for the further legislative advancement of China’s waste management towards a low-carbon integrated approach.

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Digestate Quality Control of Organic Waste from MSW

The study (Chinese only) was conducted by the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS) on behalf of China IWM NSP. With this study, the project expects to help enhance the existing political framework regulating the treatment of kitchen waste and the application of its products in China.

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Energy Concepts for the Pilot Cities Dunhuang, Xintai and Jiaxing-Xuizhou – Summary of Important Results

This summary of three city energy concepts concisely presents the findings of a combined Sino-German effort to transfer best practices from Germany to China. The concepts map pathways for each of the three cities on how to use as much clean energy as possible by 2030; which technologies are viable and which measures can accelerate the transition. This summary is available in German, English and Chinese.

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Guidelines for Sustainable Industrial Areas (SIA)

下述可持续工业园区发展“SIA指南”建议重点针对工业园区或园区的管理层。该指南旨在从整体上指导工业园区增强其可持续性,较少涉及园区内个体企业层面。工业园区内企业的可持续发展表现应由相应行业或企业相关规则指引,但园区层面的可持续发展框架却很可能促成并推动企业层面产生积极的改变。

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An Introduction to China’s Power Industry Participating in ETS

With the profound adjustment of the world energy landscape and the continuously intensified environment and resource constraints, the power industry in China is facing new challenges, including carbon emission control and the marketization of institutional mechanisms. As the situation of climate change is getting increasingly severe, air pollution control in China has been significantly strengthened, and the ecological and environmental restraints have been further tightened.

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An Overview of the Enhanced Transparency Framework under Paris Agreement and its Modalities, Procedures and Guidelines

This document is compiled to serve the purposes of the Sino-German Climate Partnership project in way of drawing a clear overview of the enhanced transparency framework under Paris Agreement and the specification of modalities, procedures and guidelines (MPGs) for this framework.

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A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development of Urban Quarters in Jiangsu Province

江苏省的煤炭在能源消费总量中所占的比重较大在76%~82 % 之间波动,石油比重在18 %~24 % 之间波动,二氧化碳排放较少的天然气所占比重较少,零碳排放的水电所占比重更少,江苏的能源结构消费呈高碳型特征。江苏省要建设低碳城市,就必须对目前以煤为主的能源结构、现在的发展模式进行改革,大力发展低碳经济,依靠低碳技术和创新低碳产品,逐步减少高碳存量。因此应从能源利用产业化入手,改变传统的燃煤为核心的产业链,积极制定新能源产业专项发展规划,建设新能源产业基地。加速发展太阳能、天然气、风能、地热能、水能和生物质能等清洁能源,减少煤炭在能源消费结构中的比重,逐步减少传统工业对化石能源的过度依赖,提高现有能源体系的整体效率。

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A Clean Planet for all: A European long-term strategic vision for a prosperous, modern, competitive and climate neutral economy

The European Commission has set out its strategic long-term vision for a prosperous, modern, competitive and climate neutral economy by 2050. Published on November 28th, the strategy shows how Europe can lead the way to climate neutrality by investing into realistic technological solutions, empowering citizens, and aligning action in key areas such as industrial policy, finance, or research – while ensuring social fairness for a just transition.

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GIZ-ICAP International Advanced ETS Training Course

The objective of this advanced training program was to provide trainees with a better understanding of various aspects of designing Emissions Trading Systems (ETS), and to discuss its practical implementation. The course was moderated by experienced experts and trainers such as policymakers, representatives from international organisations and professionals from research institutions, academia, private sector and consulting agencies from China and abroad. Moreover, the training provided great opportunities to facilitate exchange, discussions and professional networking for both, trainers and trainees.

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Module of Integrated Energy System in Urban Quarters

全球气候变暖以及将由此引发的一系列严重的环境、经济和社会后果已引起全世界的高度关注,世界各国认识到必须采取一致行动控制温室气体排放,将目前的温度上升幅度控制在2°C 以内(政府间气候变化专门委员会2015)。2009 年哥本哈根联合国气候变化大会确立了该政治目标,2015 年12 月在巴黎联合国气候变化大会上又将该目标纳入协定。

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THE 2018 CHINA CARBON PRICING SURVEY ROUNDTABLE ON MRV IN THE CEMENT AND ALUMINIUM SECTORS SUMMARY OF DISCUSSION

On April 20th, 2018, China Carbon Forum (CCF) together with ICF, convened a roundtable of the ETS Industry Expert Panel in Beijing, which will help to inform the development of China’s national ETS. The panel was established to support the 2017 China Carbon Pricing Survey project, and continues to inform the 2018 China Carbon Pricing Survey, which is sponsored by the Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany and the Royal Norwegian Embassy, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and Energy Foundation China, and is jointly implemented by CCF and ICF, together with support from Tsinghua University China Carbon Market Center, Sinocarbon, and the Norwegian Environment Agency.

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Tianjin ETS

Only Chinese project-based carbon offsets (CCERs) from CO2 reduction projects generated after January 1, 2013 are eligible. Companies can use them to offset up to 10 % of their emissions. CCERs from hydropower projects are not eligible.

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Shenzhen ETS

Only Chinese project-based carbon offsets (CCERs) are allowed to offset up to 10% of emissions. Credits from hydro projects are not allowed and there are further geographic restrictions.

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Shanghai ETS

Only Chinese project-based carbon offsets (CCERs) from before 2013 are allowed to offset up to 1% of emissions. Credits from hydro projects are not allowed.

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Hubei ETS

Only Chinese project-based carbon offsets (CCERs) from 2015 can be used for the offset of up to 10% of emissions. They have to be generated from rural biogas and forestry projects located in poor areas of Hubei.

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Guangdong ETS

Only Chinese-project based China Certified Emission Reduction offsets (CCER) from certain project types are eligible to offset up to 10% of emissions. At least 50% of the surrendered CCERs must come from CO2 or CH4 reduction projects and at least 70% from projects in the Guangdong province.

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Fujian ETS

Only China Certified Emission Reduction (CCER) and Fujian Forestry Certified Emission Reduction (FFCER) offsets generated in Fuijan province are allowed with a limit of 5% of the annual compliance obligation. This limit can be raised up to 10% if both FFCER and CCER credits are used.

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Chongqing ETS

Only China Certified Emission Reduction (CCER) credits are permitted with a limit 8% of annual allowances. Reductions have to be achieved after 2010 with the exception of carbon sink projects. Credits from hydro projects are not allowed.

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Beijing ETS

Only China Certified Emission Reduction (CCER) credits are eligible, with a limit if 5% of annual allowances. At least 50% must come from projects within the city of Beijing. Some sources of credits are not permitted and reductions have to be achieved after after January 1st of 2013 or after February 16th of 2005 for forestry carbon sequestration projects. Verified carbon emission reductions from energy saving projects are also allowed.

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Module of Integrated Energy System in Industrial Parks

能源一体化系统是指综合考虑能源的供给、传输与存储、终端消费和回收等四个环节,在各个环节采用互相关联的技术和管理措施,使得整个能源系统从整体上达到系统最优化。

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Low Carbon Development Experiences and Potential Technologies for Industrial Enterprises

本课题是GIZ 为支持江苏省实现2030 年温室气体减排目标,在工业领域提供可行的低碳技术进行的相关调研和总结。所涉及的技术参考国家重点节能技术推广目录(1-7)期和江苏省低碳方面的相关研究,通过对目标企业实施的低碳节能技术进行实践调研,在此基础上进行整理总结的报告。

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Carbon Control and Competitiveness Post 2020: The Cement Report FINAL

This report is an output from the Energy Intensive Industries project funded by Ministries in Germany, Netherlands, France, UK and by Tata Steel and Heidelberg Cement. The views expressed and information contained in it are not necessarily those of or endorsed by the funders which can accept no responsibility or liability for such views, completeness or accuracy of the information or for any reliance placed on them.

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Emissions Trading

Addressing climate change has become a key challenge for policymakers around the world in the 21st century. Both scientific and economic evidence provide grounds for taking decisive action as soon as possible1 in order to stabilise “greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system” (Art. 2, UNFCCC). While climate change is unequivocal, in order to be able to adapt to the adverse effects of a changing climate, consensus has emerged that the average global temperature increase should be limited to below 2° Celsius, compared to pre-industrial levels.

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Research on Shenzhen Public Transportation Sector’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions Quantification and Reporting Methodologies

In recent years, climate protection and low carbon economic transformation have become the core working objectives of the Chinese government. The Chinese government has targeted to reduce CO2 emissions from per unit GDP in 2020 by 40-45% compared with 2005, and has selected 7 pilots for carbon emissions trading. As one of the pilots, Shenzhen first officially launched its Carbon Emissions Trading Scheme in June 2013.

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A Case Study of Research on Shenzhen Public Transportation Sector’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions Quantification and Reporting Methodologies

The findings and conclusions expressed in this document are entirely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the GIZ or the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety of the Federal Republic of Germany. The information provided is without warranty of any kind.

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Research on the Prospect of the Building Sector in the Offsetting Mechanism for China’s Carbon Market

This report contains two parts - Chapters One through Three, which provide a systematic review of the offsetting mechanism in the Chinese carbon market and the second part, Chapters Four to Seven, which focus on analysing the prospects for the building sector in the offsetting mechanism for the Chinese carbon market.

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Installations versus Companies. Making the right choice in the design of an Emissions Trading Scheme

The design of an emissions trading scheme (ETS) is a complex task which needs to reflect fundamental economic aspects and practicalities as well as regulatory and legal traditions, structural aspects of the regulated sectors and, last but not least, a wide range of political considerations.

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Policy mix in the transport sector

As part of its climate policy the European Union has set the target of reducing the GHG emissions of the transport sector by 60% by 2050 compared to 1990. Key policy instruments on EU level for this sector are the CO2 emission standards (EU 2009b and EU 2011) and the Fuel Quality Directive (EU 2009a), which cover the direct emissions in road transport and the CO2 intensity of the energy supply for the transport sector.

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THE ANNUAL REPORT ON FIRST-YEAR OPERATION OF SHENZHEN ETS

The findings and conclusions expressed in this document are entirely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the GIZ or the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety of the Federal Republic of Germany. The information provided is without warranty of any kind.

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