The 14th Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development and the Long-term Goals for 2035 promote green development and the harmonious coexistence of man and nature by continuously improving the quality of the environment. Also, China seeks to raise awareness for ecological and environmental protection in the whole society and intensify the fight against pollution. In order to continue the pollution prevention and control actions, the establishment of above-ground and underground, land and sea integrated ecological and environmental management systems are weighted as important. Within the next five years the promotion to full coverage of the urban sewage networks and the basic elimination of urban smelly water bodies is a priority as well as the reduction of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, which benefits the soil pollution management. Further, goals are set to strengthen the collection and treatment of hazardous waste and medical waste. The complete relocation and transformation of hazardous chemical production enterprises in key areas will be tackled and the treatment of new pollutants emphasized. A full implementation of the emissions permit system, market-based trading of emissions rights, energy use rights, water use rights and carbon emission rights is envisaged.
Additional goals are the improvement of the environmental protection management, energy conservation and emission reduction binding indicators as well as improve the central ecological environmental protection inspection system. Active participation in and lead of international cooperation on ecological and environmental protection, such as climate change will be expanded.
In the area of biodiversity and ecosystems the goals are to improve the quality and stability of the ecosystem and adhere to the system of governance of mountains, waters, forests, fields, lakes and grasses, and build a system of nature reserves with national parks as the main body. Implement major biodiversity conservation projects which will strengthen the control of exotic species and strengthen the ecological protection and management of large rivers and important lakes and wetlands, such as a 10-year ban on fishing in the Yangtze River. Scientific promotion of desertification, stone desertification, soil erosion management and carry out large-scale national greening action. Further changes for the next five years are the promotion of grassland, forest, river and lake rest and recuperation, strengthen the protection of black land, and improve the system of arable land fallow and crop rotation. The observation of the impact of global warming on China’s vulnerable areas combined with improvement in the regulatory system of nature reserves and ecological protection red lines, will increase the effectiveness of ecosystem protection.
To improve the efficiency of resource utilization property rights system of natural resources assets and laws and regulations needs to be strengthened as well as the survey, evaluation, monitoring and registration of natural resources which will lead to establishing a mechanism for realizing the value of ecological products, improve market-oriented and diversified ecological compensation, and promote total resource management. The five-year plan foresees the implementation of national water conservation action, the establishment of water resources rigid constraints system and further development in the level of marine resources, mineral resources and protection. In the field of waste management, the promotion of waste classification, reduction and resource utilization goes hand in hand with the acceleration of the construction of waste materials recycling systems.