Photo Credit: GIZ China
In order to discuss the future of sustainable transport and mobility in Beijing, the Beijing Transport Institute BTI, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH and Agora Verkehrswende jointly initiated the workshop series “The Beijing Dialogue –– Future Urban Transport & Mobility”.
The Beijing Dialogue comprises a series of three workshops with the following themes:
- Workshop 1 – Vision of Future Urban Transport & Mobility – Green, Intelligent and Shared (26-27 November, 2020)
- Workshop 2 – Key Infrastructures and Technologies for Future Urban Transport & Mobility (Beginning of 2021), and
- Workshop 3 – Roadmap for the Implementation of Future Urban Transport & Mobility – Policies, Regulations, Construction and Governance (Mid of 2021)
The objective of the Beijing Dialogue workshop series is to actively and deeply explore the vision for Beijing’s future urban transport system through the form of multi-stakeholder dialogue and expert discussion in order to:
- Share ideas and opinions on how to make Beijing’s future urban transport system more sustainable and climate-friendly,
- Explore how to promote and align the roadmap and development goals of Beijing’s short-, medium- and long-term transport system, the SDGs, the climate targets of the Paris Agreement, and “China’s goal of achieving carbon neutrality by 2060”, which was announced by Chinese President Xi Jinping at the General Debate of the 75th session of the UN General Assembly,
- Provide recommendations and references to policy makers and other relevant stakeholders,
- Promote exchange and ideas on future urban transport related pilot projects, and public-private cooperation formats on low carbon transport development.
The first workshop of the Beijing Dialogue with the theme “Vision of Future Urban Transport & Mobility – Green, Intelligent and Shared” took place from 26. to 27. November 2020.
In the event, 30 policymakers, scholars, technical experts, and industry representatives from the fields of climate-policy, transport, urban development and energy came together in the Shougang Industry Park in the West of Beijing. The Shougang Industry Park, the city’s former largest steel plant, is currently transformed into a creative industry and culture park, representing the positive transformation, which is needed for the transport sector.
The workshop started with various welcome and keynote speeches. Among the keynote speakers were Mr. Lu Fuquan, committee member of the Beijing Municipal Commission of Transport (BMCT), Dr. Anita Breyer, Director General of Department IG of the Federal Ministry of the Environment, Nature Conservation, and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Mr. Niall Leonard, First Counsellor (Transport and Mobility) of the EU Delegation to China, Mr. Thorsten Giehler, Country Director of GIZ China, and Ms. Natalie Zange of the German Embassy to China.
The speakers highlighted the importance of international cooperation and exchange on roadmaps, approaches and measures needed to make cities and transport systems in China, the European Union and Germany green and climate friendly. The speakers further highlighted the achievements and innovative approaches of Beijing to sustainable mobility including the carbon credit-based Mobility-as-a-Service and the subway reservation pilot projects. Mr. Christian Hochfeld, Managing Director of the German Think Tank Agora Verkehrswende, presented on the German approaches towards a climate-neutral Germany, highlighting three steps for achieving climate neutrality by 2050 and an intermediate target of -65 percent in 2030 as part of the EU Green Deal.
Following the welcome speeches, over the course of two days, the experts in five roundtable sessions discussed scenarios and roadmaps to decarbonize transport in China and Beijing. Topics of the discussion were the future urban development direction of Beijing, the impacts of the ageing society and changes of family structures to future transport demand, the future and implications of intelligent transport systems, autonomous driving and shared mobility and the measures needed to exploit opportunities for sustainable development and to mitigate potential risks of technology and innovation.
Among the experts were Mr. Guo Jifu, Director of the Beijing Transport Institute (BTI), Mr. Jiang Kejun of the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), Mr. Guan Jizhen of the China Intelligent Transportation Association, Mr. Gong Huiming of the Energy Foundation China, Prof. Ou Xunmin of the Institute of Energy, Environment and Economy, Tsinghua University, Mr. He Peng of the World Economic Forum, Mr. Chen Xinyong of The International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT), Ms. Xue Lulu of the World Resources Institute (WRI), Ms. Ma Luyao of SinoCarbon, Mr. Zhang Hailin of Baidu, Ms. Yao Xiaorong of BMW and Mr. Li Zeyu of Shouqi Limousine & Chauffeur.
The messages of the experts were clear: The future of Beijing’s transport system is green, intelligent and shared! Beijing has made great achievements including the massive expansion of the city’s public transport infrastructure in recent years and the electrification of the city’s public bus fleet. But at the same time, challenges such as traffic congestion, transport-related air pollution or lacking integration of different transport modes remain. In order to build up on the achievements and to deliver on President Xi Jinping’s pledge to reach emission peak by 2030 and to make China carbon neutral by 2060, further ambitious measures need to be implemented and a more rapid shift to innovative low-carbon technologies as well as efficient and green modes is necessary.
The results of the first workshop of the Beijing Dialogue will be summarized in a workshop report. The results will provide important reference for government policymaking and will function as an important foundation for the second workshop with the theme “Key Infrastructures and Technologies for Future Urban Transport & Mobility”, which will take place beginning of 2021 in Beijing.
Please find the video of the first Beijing Dialogue workshop here
If you are interested in knowing more about the Beijing Dialogue, please feel free to get in touch with us by contacting Mr. Sebastian Ibold (firstname.lastname@example.org), project director of the Sino-German Cooperation on Low Carbon Transport project.