Climate Cooperation China
On behalf of the International Climate Initiative (IKI)
International Climate Initiative (IKI)


The International Climate Initiative (IKI) is an important part of the German government’s international climate finance commitment. Since 2022 the IKI is implemented by the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action (BMWK) in close cooperation with the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Nuclear Safety and Consumer Protection (BMUV) and the Federal Foreign Office (AA). Embedded within the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the work of IKI focuses on four areas: greenhouse gas mitigation; adaptation to the impacts of climate change; conserving biological diversity; and conserving natural carbon sinks with a focus on reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+). This makes IKI an essential instrument for the funding of international climate change mitigation and biodiversity projects in developing, emerging, and transition countries.

Since the formation of the International Climate Initiative in 2008, IKI funds have been deployed in a total of 151 countries. Currently, IKI funds are being used to implement projects in 149 countries.

China has become a prominent actor and indispensable partner in international climate, environment and biodiversity protection. Recognizing the important role China plays regarding climate change, biodiversity, and the environment, the International Climate Initiative (IKI) has been engaging with China in a political dialogue on these issues since 2009. Both governments are united in their conviction that the ambitious transformation towards a sustainable economy can only be achieved through international cooperation.

The IKI works particularly closely with a selection of priority countries, among which is China. IKI projects in China have covered all four IKI topics, and in recent years have increasingly focused on low carbon development strategies. Furthermore, the work is centered on sustainable mobility, mobilizing sustainable finance, circular economy, and carbon markets, to name a few. The main instruments employed are policy dialogue, pilot measures, expert exchanges, and capacity development. IKI projects in China are implemented by over 20 organizations, such as GIZ, the World Bank Group, the WWF, and others.

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Population: 1,41 Billion (World Bank, 2021)

CO₂eq emission total (incl. LULUCF): 11,722 billion tons (Climate Action Tracker, 2014)

CO₂ emission per capita: 7,6 Tons (World Bank, 2019)

IKI projects in China (as of 2022):

  • bilateral: 7 ongoing, 32 concluded
  • regional: 3 ongoing, 4 concluded
  • global: 11 ongoing, 17 concluded

Bilateral IKI China Projects

Further to the above listed, several projects that operate in multiple countries in the region or worldwide also have a component in China.

Regional IKI China Projects

The following regional IKI projects operate in China

Global IKI China Projects

The following global IKI projects have a component in China

Completed projects

Climate Risk and Resilience in China (CRR)

Bilateral Project

Supporting the climate-friendly development of Jiangsu Province III

Bilateral Project

Sino-German Cooperation on Emissions Trading Systems, Market Mechanisms, and Industry-related N20 Mitigation

Bilateral Project

China Integrated Waste Management NAMA Project

This project is not directly financed by IKI but by the NAMA Facility which itself receives funding from IKI.

Strategic Environmental Dialogues

Bilateral Project

Soot-Free Low-Carbon City Fleets

Global Project

Ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation: strengthening the evidence and informing policy

Global Project

INTERACT-Bio Integrated regional action for Biodiversity

Global Project


The mechanism is intended to enable people who suffer (potential) negative social and/or environmental consequences from IKI projects, or who wish to report the improper use of funds, to voice their complaints and seek redress. In doing so, it should also contribute to:

  • monitor and improve the environmental and social outcomes of projects,
  • avoid unintended negative impacts of projects that go unnoticed by ZUG and BMWK, BMUV and AA,
  • support the appropriate use of public funds, and
  • comply with international good practice


For general information please visit independent-complaint-mechanism.

For more details please visit how-to-file-a-complaint.

Contact Us

Sunflower Tower 1100 (11F)
37 Maizidian Street, Chaoyang District
100125 Beijing, PR China