Sino-German Cooperation
on Biodiversity, Climate and Environment
On behalf of International Climate Initiative (IKI)
IKI International Climate Initiative

IKI INTERFACE

China has become a prominent actor and indispensable partner in international climate and biodiversity protection. Recognizing the important role China plays regarding climate change, biodiversity, and the environment, the International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) has been engaging with China in a political dialogue on these issues since 2009. Both governments are united in their conviction that the ambitious transformation towards a sustainable economy can only be achieved through international cooperation.

The IKI is one of the most important instruments of the BMU for financing climate and biodiversity projects worldwide. Embedded within the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the work of IKI focuses on four areas: greenhouse gas mitigation; adaptation to the impacts of climate change; conservation of biodiversity; and conserving natural carbon sinks with a focus on reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+). This makes IKI an essential instrument for the funding of international climate change mitigation and biodiversity projects in developing, emerging, and transition countries.

China is one of 13 focal countries of IKI and has been operating in the country since 2008. The cooperation with focal countries is particularly close. IKI projects in China have covered all four IKI topics, and in recent years have increasingly focused on low carbon development strategies. Further work is centred on sustainable mobility, mobilising sustainable finance, circular economy, and carbon markets, to name a few. The main instruments employed are policy dialogue, pilot measures, expert exchanges, and capacity development. IKI projects in China are implemented by over 20 organisations, such as the World Bank Group, the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), University Greifswald, GIZ, and others. The IKI portfolio currently counts a total of 22 projects of which seven are bilateral, two are regional, and 13 are global.

Bilateral IKI China Projects

Sino-German Cooperation on Climate Change – Climate Partnership Project IV
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

All IKI projects active in China are connected through a so-called IKI interface project. This position is currently filled by the Sino-German Climate Partnership IV which is implemented by GIZ. In this function, GIZ supports the annual meetings of the Sino-German Working Group on Environment and Climate Change. This high-level bilateral forum serves on the one hand as a regular space for political dialogue and on the other hand as the steering committee for the bilateral IKI projects.

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China Integrated Waste Management NAMA Project
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

This project is not directly financed by IKI but by the NAMA Facility which itself receives funding from IKI. The NAMA Facility plays a leading role in supporting transformational sector-based approaches to tackling Climate Change by supporting countries in the implementation of nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMA). The NAMA Facility was established in 2012 by the Federal Republic of Germany and the United Kingdom.

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Further to the above listed, several projects that operate in multiple countries in the region or worldwide also have a component in China.

Regional IKI China Projects

The following regional IKI projects operate in China

Global IKI China Projects

The following global IKI projects have a component in China
Accelerating Adaptation in Asia

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Energy Subsidy Reform Initiative

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Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR)

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CAPACITY BUILDING TO SUPPORT THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A NATIONAL EMISSION TRADING SCHEME IN CHINA

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CAO Yun

Advisor
Sino-German Cooperation on Climate Change (SGCCC)
yun.cao@giz.de
Ms. Cao facilitates policy exchange between German and Chinese governments and coordinates work streams on south-south-north cooperation, climate legislation and finance to support China in strengthening its climate governance system. Besides, she supports the development of new projects. She studied at Humboldt University of Berlin, Free University of Berlin and Technical University of Munich, having extensive research experiences on climate and energy policies in China and Germany. Before joining GIZ, she worked at the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) for many years.