From 22 to 26 October 2018, GIZ and the International Carbon Action Partnership (ICAP), together with SinoCarbon, Hainan Development and Reform Commission (DRC) and the Hainan Normal University convened an international advanced ETS training course in the city of Haikou. The course offered close to 30 participants from the government from the national, regional and local level as well as from academia, think tanks, business and industry, an opportunity to deepen their understanding of ETS design and implementation and discuss the future development of carbon markets in China and globally. During the weeklong training, many distinguished Chinese and international ETS experts provided input that served as the breeding ground for vivid exchange among participants and experts.
The training opened with a public event at the Hainan Normal University. In their welcoming remarks, Mr. Wu Zhenhua from the Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE), Mr. Gao Diangong from the Hainan DRC and Dr. Alex Fisher from GIZ, all reiterated the importance of international cooperation to address the common challenge of climate change and the important role of ETS as an effective instrument to mitigate emissions. This was followed by keynote speeches and an international high-level roundtable. Framing the discussion, Prof. Duan Maosheng from the Tsinghua University, spoke about the achievements and prospects of the national ETS. Prof. Duan’s contribution was complemented by a European perspective offered by Dr. Dirk Weinreich from the German Environment Ministry (BMU), who shared lessons learned from the implementation of the EU ETS in Germany. For the ensuing roundtable, Prof. Duan and Dr. Weinreich were joined by Mr. Gao Gongdian (Hainan DRC), Mr. Li Boqing (Hainan CGE Peace Development Foundation), Dr. Felix Matthes (Öko-Institut), Ms. Li Jin (Shanghai Environmental and Energy Exchange) Mr. Cyril Cassisa (International Energy Agency). Reflecting the diversity of their backgrounds, the experts shed light on experiences and opportunities of carbon markets from Hainan to China and the world from multiple perspectives.
For the remaining duration of the training, experts delved into eleven individual topics related to ETS ranging from cap-setting and the contribution of the ETS to NDC attainment to price drivers and market liquidity, igniting discussions among the participants. Speakers included policymakers, researchers and practitioners from the National Center for Climate Change Strategy and International Cooperation (NSCC), China Quality Certification Center (CQC), the carbon exchanges in Hubei, Shenzhen and Guangzhou, Shanghai Clearing House, Huadian Group, Ecologic Institute and ACT Commodities. Another element of the training was two site visits to selected venues in Haikou that are related the realisation of low-carbon development in industry. At the Hainan Airline Group, participants had rare insights into the main office from where every single flight of the Hainan Airline Group can be monitored and at a biogas installation of the Chengmai Low Carbon Industrial Park they could observe the production process of biogas.