On 11 March, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Justice of the People’s Republic of China jointly issued the document ‘Opinions on Speeding up the Establishment of a Legal and Policy System for Green Production and Consumption’, which aims to improve current laws and regulations, and facilitate green production and consumption nationally.
The document states the following as its main goal: by the year 2025, regulations, standards and policies related to green production and consumption should be further improved and strengthened, and a system with effective incentives and constraints should be basically complete. Green production and consumption will be implemented on a national scale in key areas, industries and processes, to improve China’s green development overall.
To achieve the 2025 goal, the document highlighted 27 key tasks to be carried out in nine areas, including the promotion of green design, the strengthening of industrial clean production, the development of an industrial circular economy, the reinforcement of industrial pollution control and the facilitation of clean energy development. The tasks were clearly assigned to different ministries and authorities for implementation, including NDRC, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE), the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) and the Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR). MEE will be responsible for completing and improving the list of priority control chemical substances, introducing policies and measures to further promote mandatory clean production auditing in key industries, speeding up the development of feasible technical guidelines for pollution prevention and control, and other related tasks.
According to the requests laid out in the document, ministries and authorities should be obliged to facilitate the formulation and revision of laws and regulations, standards and policies related to green production and consumption. These should also be adapted and implemented at the local level. Fiscal, tax and revenue, and financial departments at all levels should improve relevant supporting policies accordingly in the long term. Publicity and communication campaigns on green production and consumption need to be implemented by communication departments at different levels.