Green goals adopted in China’s ruling party’s decision on future national development strategies

The 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) concluded its fifth plenary session in Beijing on October 29th with the release of a Communique. The plenary session heard and discussed a work report delivered by Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, on behalf of the Political Bureau/Politburo of the CPC Central Committee.

The session adopted the CPC Central Committee’s proposals to formulate the 14th Five-Year Plan (FYP, 2021-2025) for National Economic and Social Development, the Long-Range Objectives Through the Year 2035, and outlined 12 initiatives ahead. The draft document was explained by Xi to the plenary session. The following is a list of all environment-related content in the Communique:

  • The CPC raised a set of long-range objectives for China to achieve socialist modernization by 2035, including: broadly operating the eco-friendly ways of work and life, experiencing a gradual decline of carbon emission after its peak in 2030, achieving a substantial reversal of ecological environment, and largely fulfilling the goals of a “Beautiful China”.
  • Six new targets to be hit during the 14th FYP (2021-2025) period, including new progress achieved for an “Ecological Civilization”. The specific goals are for the development and protection of the nation’s geospace to be optimized, an apparent shift towards eco-friendly life and work styles, energy utilization efficiency, a consistent decline of significant pollutant emissions, and a more robust and resilient ecological security shelter.
  • A dozen initiatives going ahead were listed, including: advancing green development and progressing the co-existence between human and nature, adherence to the “two mountain theories”, i.e. prioritizing the protection and restoration of nature and safeguarding the ecological security boundary, advancing a sustainable development strategy, improving the coordination mechanism across various Ecological Civilization sectors, building an Ecological Civilization system, and pushing the all-front green transfer of economic and social development.

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Photo Credit: GIZ

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Sino-German Environmental Partnership II

Project country
China
Political Partners
German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU); Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the People's Republic of China (MEE)
Implementation Partners
International Environmental Cooperation Office (IECO), MEE; China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development (CCICED)
Duration
09/2017 – 10/2021

Since 2013, the Sino-German Environmental Partnership has supported bilateral environmental policy dialogue through the exchange of experience and advice on various specialist topics. Thereby, the project enhances institutional and individual capacities through training, the exchange of personnel, and knowledge transfer, to best prepare China for its future as a transformed “Ecological Civilization” and its path towards a “Beautiful China”. The partnership is overseen by the Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) of the Federal Republic of Germany and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE) of the People’s Republic of China. The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) is responsible for implementing the Sino-German Environmental Partnership, which is funded through the International Climate Initiative (IKI) of BMU. In September 2017, the Sino-German Environmental Partnership entered into its second phase, which will continue until 2021. Through its activities, the Sino-German Environmental Partnership supports its Chinese project partners in transforming the existing environmental management system into a holistic environmental governance system which involves actors from science, industry and civil society. The planned activities lead to an intensification of the German-Chinese strategic environmental dialogue. An enhanced exchange such as this will continue to positively impact China’s proactive ownership of global environmental and climate change responsibilities. This will support the achievement of the Paris Agreement and the 2030 Agenda.