China to Improve Protection and Restoration of Grasslands

China will strengthen the protection and restoration of grasslands and further develop “ecological civilization” according to a State-Council announcement released 30 March 2021.

The evolutionary changes and inner mechanism of grasslands are to be respected to facilitate recuperation and a safe and stable natural ecosystem. Comprehensive measures should be taken to fully protect and systematically restore the grassland ecosystem. Measures shall be adjusted according to local conditions. Based on a well-protected ecosystem, grassland resources will be scientifically utilized.

The document moreover introduces a set of key measures: A preliminary system for grassland protection and restoration shall be established so that grassland deterioration may be fundamentally curbed by 2025. Ten years later, the system shall be further improved upon. The comprehensive vegetation coverage for grasslands is foreseen to stabilize at about 60 percent. In the middle of the century, all degraded grasslands will be comprehensively treated and restored. By then, the grassland ecosystem should have achieved a virtuous circle. The grassland survey system will be improved and base numbers, including grassland types, ownership, area, distribution, quality, and utilization status should be clearly identified. Grassland nature reserves are also to be built to protect biodiversity.

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Sino-German Environmental Partnership II

Project country
Political Partners
German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU); Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the People's Republic of China (MEE)
Implementation Partners
International Environmental Cooperation Office (IECO), MEE; China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development (CCICED)
09/2017 – 10/2021

Since 2013, the Sino-German Environmental Partnership has supported bilateral environmental policy dialogue through the exchange of experience and advice on various specialist topics. Thereby, the project enhances institutional and individual capacities through training, the exchange of personnel, and knowledge transfer, to best prepare China for its future as a transformed “Ecological Civilization” and its path towards a “Beautiful China”. The partnership is overseen by the Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) of the Federal Republic of Germany and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE) of the People’s Republic of China. The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) is responsible for implementing the Sino-German Environmental Partnership, which is funded through the International Climate Initiative (IKI) of BMU. In September 2017, the Sino-German Environmental Partnership entered into its second phase, which will continue until 2021. Through its activities, the Sino-German Environmental Partnership supports its Chinese project partners in transforming the existing environmental management system into a holistic environmental governance system which involves actors from science, industry and civil society. The planned activities lead to an intensification of the German-Chinese strategic environmental dialogue. An enhanced exchange such as this will continue to positively impact China’s proactive ownership of global environmental and climate change responsibilities. This will support the achievement of the Paris Agreement and the 2030 Agenda.