China’s coal consumption dropped under 60% of the energy mix for the first time

Apr 1, 2019

In 2018, coal accounted for 59% of China’s total energy consumption. For the first time, coal has accounted for less than 60% of primary energy mix in China. With this development, China is confident to reach its 13th Five-Year Plan goal of reducing coal to under 58% of total energy consumption in 2020.

As the world’s largest coal producer for many years, China’s economy benefited from its abundant coal resource. For this reason, coal was very dominant in the primary energy structure of China. In the 1950s, coal occupied more than 90% of the total energy consumption. In recent years, due to the transition to a low-carbon economy and the strengthening of the environmental standards, coal consumption has slowed down quickly.

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Sino-German Climate Partnership III

Project country
Political Partners
German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU); Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the People's Republic of China (MEE); National Energy Administration of the People's Republic of China (NEA)
Implementation Partners
Energy Research Institute of the National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China
09/2017 – 09/2020

Germany and China signed the Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in Combatting Climate Change and initiated this bilateral dialogue as "Sino-German Climate Partnership". The project has been established to support the cooperation between the German Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) and the Chinese Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE). The new phase of the project starts in 2018 with close alignment to the restructuring at the Chinese government. In this phase, the project aims to advance the policy dialogue and cooperation with the Chinese partners domestically as well as within the international context of climate change. Part of the work will be supporting the development and implementation of China's medium- and long-term low-carbon development strategies, hence by supporting the Chinese government in strengthening the climate governance system. Domestically the SGCP project supports the policy dialogue on climate change (Sino-German Working Group on Climate Change) and enhances the exchange of German experiences and best practices, this includes strengthening capacities for the development of integrated climate and energy action plans as well as adaptation concepts for cities. On international level the SGCP project enhances the knowledge of both patterns about best practices in regard of climate policies and their implementation. For new cooperation topics identified by the Working Group on Climate Change, the project acts as an incubator for IKI development. As interface for information management, it serves a as a hub for exchange between partners of the IKI within and outside China, especially within the UNFCCC process.