The Secretariat of the UN CBD has released the first draft of a new global biodiversity framework, to guide actions worldwide through 2030, to protect nature and its essential services to people.
The Post-2020 global biodiversity framework builds on the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and sets out an ambitious plan to implement broad-based action to bring about a transformation in society’s relationship with biodiversity, ensuring that by 2050 the shared vision of “living in harmony with nature” is fulfilled. The key targets of the framework include:
- Ensure that at least 30 % globally of land areas and of sea areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and its contributions to people, are conserved through effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well-connected systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures, and integrated into the wider landscapes and seascapes.
- Prevent or reduce the rate of introduction and establishment of invasive alien species by 50 %, and control or eradicate such species to eliminate or reduce their impacts.
- Reduce nutrients lost to the environment by at least half, pesticides by at least two thirds, and eliminate the discharge of plastic waste. Use ecosystem-based approaches to contribute to mitigation and adaptation to climate change, contributing at least 10 GtCO2e per year to mitigation, and ensure that all mitigation and adaptation efforts avoid negative impacts on biodiversity.
- Redirect, repurpose, reform or eliminate incentives harmful to biodiversity in a just and equitable way, reducing them by at least $500 billion per year.
- Increase financial resources from all sources to at least US$ 200 billion per year, including new, additional and effective financial resources, increasing by at least US$ 10 billion per year international financial flows to developing countries, leveraging private finance, and increasing domestic resource mobilization, taking into account national biodiversity finance planning.
The implementation of the framework will take a rights-based approach, recognizing the principle of intergenerational equity. Further, the framework’s theory of change acknowledges that its implementation will require the engagement of actors beyond governments to include, among others: non-governmental organizations, indigenous peoples and local communities, women’s groups, youth, and the business and finance community.
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