Climate Cooperation China
On behalf of the International Climate Initiative (IKI)

Guidelines for Constructing Resilient Cities and Improving Public Infrastructure for Routine and Emergency Scenarios

The “Guidelines for Resilient Urban Planning and Land Policy with Integrated Dual-use (Routine-Emergency) Functions” require full play to the strategic guidance and rigid constraint role of national spatial planning in the construction of resilient cities, the improvement of public infrastructure for both Routine-Emergency use, to create livable, resilient, and smart cities.


The guidelines require that the “dual-use” layout of public infrastructure in urban and rural areas should serve normal production and living in “routine” scenarios and provide transformative functions for risk resistance in “emergency” scenarios. It is essential to develop public infrastructure that addresses a spectrum of critical functions, including medical isolation, shelter provision, evacuation and rescue operations, and the distribution of essential supplies. All types of “dual-use” facilities should be considered, necessitating the construction or improvement of the facilities tailored to the scenarios of  “routine-pandemic”, “routine-disaster “, “routine-competition”, ” routine-vacation”, and “routine-war”.


The guidelines propose the following key measures:

  1. Comprehensive Investigation and Assessment: Assess urban resilience, analyze scenarios and spatial carriers for dual-use (routine-emergency) functions.
  2. Systematic Planning Guidance: Refine the planning objectives for dual-use functionality, and coordinate the layout of public infrastructure in urban and rural areas.
  3. Integrate Dual-use (Routine-Emergency) Functions into the territorial spatial planning system, develop special planning for the resilient city, and transmit the main content of special planning to detailed planning.
  4. Innovative Land Policies:  clarify land supply policies, optimize the use of control tools, and encourage the use of existing inefficient land.
  5. Planning Supervision and Assessment: Strengthen online management and routine supervision to ensure the legality and effectiveness of the planning.


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