Climate Cooperation China
On behalf of the International Climate Initiative (IKI)

NEA 2021 Energy Work Plan has stricter energy decarbonization requirement

The key quantified climate and decarbonization targets in the 2021 Energy Work Plan include a reduction of the proportion of coal in primary energy consumption to less than 56%, an increase in the proportion of electricity in the final energy consumption to about 28%, and a 3% decrease in energy consumption per unit of GDP. The cumulative installed capacity of non-fossil power generation should reach roughly 1,100 GW, while wind power and solar PV should account for 11% of the country’s electricity consumption. Compared with the 2020 Energy Work Plan, the climate and decarbonization targets are strengthened, and the energy sector’s role in facilitating China’s carbon peaking and neutrality is clarified and emphasized in the 2021 plan.


Comparison of Energy Decarbonization and Low Carbon Development Contents between the NEA Energy Work Plan 2021 and 2020

Decarbonization Targets

2021 NEA Energy Work Plan

2020 NEA Energy Work Plan

Energy Structure
  • Coal consumption less than 56%
  • Ca. 200 TWh newly increased
  • Electricity accounts for about 28% of the final energy consumption

  • Coal consumption less than 57.5%
  • Ca. 150 TWh newly increased electrification electricity
  • Electricity accounts for about 27% of the final energy consumption


Renewable Energy
  • Non-fossil power generation capacity should reach ca. 1,100 GW
  • Wind power and solar PV consumption should account for 11% of nationwide energy consumption
  • Non-fossil power generation capacity should reach ca. 900 GW
  • Further increase clean energy including wind and solar PV’s consumption rate


Energy Efficiency
  • Reduction of energy consumption per unit of GDP by 3%
  • Further increase energy system efficiency
Low Carbon Development
Three suggestions for achieving carbon peaking and neutrality targets:
  • Rapid development of non-fossil fuel energy
  • Enhancing renewable energy consumption
  • Promoting clean and efficient energy use
  • Insist on clean and low carbon development as the principle. Insist on low carbon strategy, accelerate clean and high efficient use of fossil fuel energy, ensure rapid development of non-fossil fuel energy, continue to extend the proportion of clean energy consumption and promote the energy sector’s green and low carbon development.



More project related news

Progress Report on China’s Climate Change Adaptation (2023)

To make a first assessment on the implementation of the National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change 2035, China’s Ministry of Ecology and the Environment (MEE) issued a progress report on China’s climate change adaptation on June 2, which systematically summarizes the achievements of China’s adaptation to climate change since 2022.

Read More »

Action Plan for Energy Saving and Carbon Reduction in the Cement Industry

With its action plan, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) aims to provide guidance to China’s cement sector for achieving energy savings and carbon reduction. The main goals of the plan are to keep cement clinker production capacity at about 1.8 billion tons and to support the entire industry to comply with rules under an efficiency benchmark. The energy intensity of cement clinker production is targeted to decrease by 3.7% compared with 2020, thereby saving 5 million tons of standard coal and 13 million tons of CO2 by 2025.

Read More »

Establishment of Carbon Footprint Management System

China’s Ministry of Ecology and the Environment (MEE) issued a program for a carbon footprint management system to develop low-carbon supply chains. This program of MEE is the first national-level policy to establish a domestic carbon footprint management system. The target of the program is the establishment of a general standard for product carbon footprint (PCF) accounting with international standards. It will define about 100 carbon footprint accounting standards for key products until 2027 and 200 until 2030.

Read More »

Contact Us

Sunflower Tower 1100 (11F)
37 Maizidian Street, Chaoyang District
100125 Beijing, PR China