Rotterdam, the Netherlands: Improving Urban Water Resilience

About a quarter of the Netherlands is below sea level, and floods such as seawater intrusion as well as storm floods threaten most areas, including Rotterdam, the second largest city in the Netherlands. The Port of Rotterdam is located at the mouth of the Rhine-Maas Delta. Climate change has caused sea levels to rise, while increasing the risk of flooding in the delta. On the one hand, the amount of water from upstream has increased; on the other hand, the sea level rises due to climate change, which leads to an increase in storm surges from the sea; the land sinks at a fixed rate every year. Rotterdam's environmental planning blueprint "Rotterdam Climate Initiative" proposes to use natural conditions to adapt to changes and find solutions in the entire urban space, so as to build a "sponge city" and enhance the defense against meteorological disasters.


Climate Risk and Resilience

Project country

The CRR project aims to enhance climate resilience of China’s urban centers and their rural surroundings in order to reduce human and economic losses. The project will empower local pilot cities with an ICRM approach to identify climate hazards, exposures, and vulnerabilities. Based on the risk analysis, the Chinese government can analyze occurrence probability, frequency, and severity due to climate change; localize asset geographic locations and values; and quantify the economic losses. Incorporating comprehensive socioeconomic impacts, local governments are enabled to apply climate adaptive, risk-informed measures to protect assets, businesses, and individuals.