Sino-German Cooperation
on Biodiversity, Climate and Environment
On behalf of International Climate Initiative (IKI)

San Francisco: Action Plan to Adapt to Sea Level Rise

Sea level rise has become an emerging climate disaster. In order to reduce the risk of inundation caused by sea level rise in the future, coastal areas need to take early response and adaptation measures. This case describes how San Francisco responds to and adapts to sea level rise. The action plan first analyzes the possible scenarios of current and future sea level rise, sensitive areas and property types, and potential economic losses; secondly, it introduces the measures that have been taken and potential response measures; thirdly, it introduces the coordination and participation of various stakeholders and the financing mode of the project implementation plan; finally, it introduces the characteristics of San Francisco’s action plan to respond to and adapt to sea level rise and the experience that can be used for reference.


Sino-German Cooperation on Climate Change (SGCCC)
Ms. Cao facilitates policy exchange between German and Chinese governments and coordinates work streams on south-south-north cooperation, climate legislation and finance to support China in strengthening its climate governance system. Besides, she supports the development of new projects. She studied at Humboldt University of Berlin, Free University of Berlin and Technical University of Munich, having extensive research experiences on climate and energy policies in China and Germany. Before joining GIZ, she worked at the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) for many years.