Climate Cooperation China
On behalf of the International Climate Initiative (IKI)

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NDRC Publishes Power Market Operation Rules

On 14 May 2024, the NDRC published the Basic Rules for Power Market Operation. This marks the first revision of these rules in 19 years. The new market operation rules are a comprehensive package divided into eleven chapters and 45 articles, and define significant changes compared to the 2005 version. The new electricity market operation rules came into effect on 1 July 2024 and aim to improve various aspects of market design and operation.

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Progress Report on China’s Climate Change Adaptation (2023)

To make a first assessment on the implementation of the National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change 2035, China’s Ministry of Ecology and the Environment (MEE) issued a progress report on China’s climate change adaptation on June 2, which systematically summarizes the achievements of China’s adaptation to climate change since 2022.

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Guidelines for Constructing Resilient Cities and Improving Public Infrastructure for Routine and Emergency Scenarios

The “Guidelines for Resilient Urban Planning and Land Policy with Integrated Dual-use (Routine-Emergency) Functions” require full play to the strategic guidance and rigid constraint role of national spatial planning in the construction of resilient cities, the improvement of public infrastructure for both Routine-Emergency use, to create livable, resilient, and smart cities.

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Action Plan for Energy Saving and Carbon Reduction in the Cement Industry

With its action plan, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) aims to provide guidance to China’s cement sector for achieving energy savings and carbon reduction. The main goals of the plan are to keep cement clinker production capacity at about 1.8 billion tons and to support the entire industry to comply with rules under an efficiency benchmark. The energy intensity of cement clinker production is targeted to decrease by 3.7% compared with 2020, thereby saving 5 million tons of standard coal and 13 million tons of CO2 by 2025.

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Establishment of Carbon Footprint Management System

China’s Ministry of Ecology and the Environment (MEE) issued a program for a carbon footprint management system to develop low-carbon supply chains. This program of MEE is the first national-level policy to establish a domestic carbon footprint management system. The target of the program is the establishment of a general standard for product carbon footprint (PCF) accounting with international standards. It will define about 100 carbon footprint accounting standards for key products until 2027 and 200 until 2030.

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China Issues Action Plan for Energy Saving and Carbon Reduction (2024-2025)

China’s State Council issued a 2024-2025 action plan for energy saving and carbon reduction. Goals include cutting energy consumption by 2.5% and CO2 intensity by 3.9% in 2024 while increasing non-fossil energy usage to 18.9% in 2024 and 20% in 2025. The plan projects a reduction of approximately 50 Mt of standard coal and a decrease in emissions by around 130 Mt of CO2. Measures involve strict coal consumption controls, the promotion of new energy vehicles, and enhanced energy efficiency in industries such as steel, petrochemicals, non-ferrous metals, building materials, architecture, transportation and public institutions.

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China’s Central Committee and State Council issued “The Opinions on Strengthening Ecological Environment Zoning and Control”

The General Office of the Communist Party of China Central Committee and the General Office of the State Council issued “The Opinions on Strengthening Ecological Environment Zoning and Control” (hereinafter referred to as the Opinions) on March 17th.  It states that ecological environment zoning and control is an important measure to enhance the modernization of ecological environment governance,  to ensure ecological functions and improve environmental quality.

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China’s State Council launches Action Programme for large-scale Equipment Renewal and Consumer Goods Replacement

On 7 March 2024, the State Council introduced the Action Programme aimed at driving Large-scale Equipment Renewal and Consumer Goods Replacement (hereinafter referred to as the Action Programme). By 2027, the program envisages a more than 25% increase in investment scale across various sectors including industry, agriculture, construction, transportation, education, culture, tourism, and medical care compared to 2023.

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Accelerating the Establishment of a Waste Recycling System

The General Office of the State Council issued the Opinions on Accelerating the Establishment of a Waste Recycling System on 6 February 2024, which emphasize the importance of resource recycling and reuse.  In this new policy, more quantitative targets are proposed, which provide clear indicators of policy implementation effectiveness. The new Opinions also expand the scope of waste categories to encompass agricultural waste and bulk solid waste, propose additional pathways for resource utilization and introduce the idea of ‘Extended Producer Responsibility’. In addition, the Opinions propose to integrate other countries’ relevant regulations and standards.

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China issued Plan to Digitalise the Governance of Natural Resources

On 5 February 2024, the Ministry of Natural Resources issued the “Overall Plan for Enhancing the Digital Governance Capability of Natural Resources”. It supports the utilisation of new information technologies such as cloud computing, big data, artificial intelligence, Internet of Things, etc. to build “one network, one map, and national spatial basic information platform” for natural resources.

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